Splendor, symbolism and power

Conceptual and all embracing, the Empire Style combined a passion for antiquity with the grandeur and elegance of pre-revolutionary neoclassicism.


En 1804, Napoleón I se coronó emperador de Francia, poniendo fin a años de inestabilidad política y marcando el inicio del periodo del Imperio. Durante este tiempo, la economía estaba en auge y se estaba formando una nueva aristocracia, con la corte de Napoleón como piedra angular.

The period was to see the revival of classical ideas and influences, primarily in the decorative arts.  Napoléon’s court was quick to adopt the classical designs discovered in the archaeological excavations of Pompeii and Herculaneum, together with exotic hieroglyphic motifs from the Egyptian campaigns.

Revolutionary conquests were echoed in the use of antique forms in architecture and the decorative arts, proclaiming ‘fame’ and ‘victory’.



The use of these ancient designs and motifs celebrated France as the heir to these great civilisations imbuing it with the grandeur of Greece, the glory of Rome and the magnificence of the Pharaohs.  Typical Empire motifs included the acanthus leaf, anthemion (stylised honeysuckle), animal-paw feet, cornucopia, classical figures, dolphin, eagle, lyre and rosette.  For ornamentation, gilt bronze was a prerequisite.

The most influential architects of the Empire style were Charles Percier (1764-1838) and Pierre François-Léonard Fontaine (1762-1853). Official architects to Napoléon, their main responsibility was the renovation of the various royal residences, including Malmaison. Their ‘Recueil des décorations intérieures’ (1812) became the essential handbook of the Empire style.  After the fall of Napoléon the Empire style continued to be in favour for many decades, with only minor adaptations.

The second half of the nineteenth century was to see a revival of the style, and the popularity of its strong but simple lines continues to the present day.


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