A Large and Impressive Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze Four-Light Candelabrum
DimensionsHeight: 87 cm (35 in)
Width: 43 cm (17 in)
A Large and Impressive Louis XVI Style Gilt-Bronze Four-Light Candelabrum, After the Model Attributed to Pierre Gouthière.
Finely cast and gilded with a central stem issuing three acanthus-wrapped scrolled branches, with leaf-cast drip-pans and nozzles, supported on triple rams’ monopodiae, hung with ’embroidered’ tasselled penants and floral swags and enclosing a triple-handled amphora with central band cast with playful putti, on a triform base enclosing floral-garlanded Apollo masks, raised on a triform plinth cast with a fine guilloche border.
This fine candelabrum is modelled after the famous pair of candelabra attributed to Pierre Gouthière now conserved in the Petit-Trianon at Versailles. According to Pierre Verlet, the model corresponds to a large pair of candelabra with ten branches, drapery, foliage, and fruit, richly carved and gilded in bronze, originally supplied by the marchand mercier, Freres Darnault for Marie-Antoinette’s Salon du Jeu at the Petit-Trianon in 1785 (see P. Verlet, Les Bronzes Dorés Français du XVIIIe Siècle, Paris, 1987, p. 99, fig. 111)
A popular model in the second half of the 19th century examples were made by some of the finest ‘bronziers’ of the day such as Alfred Beurdeley.
French, Circa 1890.
Pierre Gouthière (1732 – 1813) son of a saddle maker, rose to become the most famous Parisian bronze chaser and gilder of the late 1700s, receiving commissions from some of the leading connoisseurs of his day. Like many successful apprentices, he married the widow of his first employer and took over his establishment. Success came quickly, and in November 1767 he received the title of doreur du roi (Gilder to the King) from Louis XV. Gouthière also supplied works to the Comte d’Artois, the Marquis de Marigny, and the marchand mercier Dominique Daguerre, among others.
Gouthière was a master of chasing and invented a new type of gilding that left a matte finish. He combined polished with matte finishes to create varied effects on the surfaces of his bronzes. He made many types of objects, including furniture mounts, ornaments for mantelpieces and coaches, and mounts for porcelain or marble vases.
Verlet, Pierre. ‘Les Bronzes Dorés Français du XVIIIe siècle’, Picard, (Paris), 1987; p. 99, plate 11.
Ottomeyer, Hans & Pröschel, Peter. ‘Vergoldete Bronzen’, Klinkhardt & Biermann (Munich), 1986; p. 261, f. 4.8.4.
Mestdagh, Camille & Lécoules, Pierre. ‘L’Ameublement d’Art Français, 1850-1900’, Les Editions de L’Amateur, (Paris), 2010; pp.262-276.