One of the most important and talented ébénistes of the 18th Century, and instrumental in the evolution of furniture towards neo-classicism, Roger Vandercruse was born in the milieu des artisans parisiens, Faubourg Saint-Antoine in Paris in 1728. The son of an independent ébéniste, he was related through marriage to some of the most successful ébénistes of his day, including Jean-François Oeben, Jean-Henri Riesener, and Simon Oeben. His name became gallicized as Lacroix or Delacroix, and he used the stamp R.V.L.C. (Roger Vandercruse La Croix).

Elected maître in 1755, Lacroix took over his father's workshop and was soon supplying furniture to the ébéniste Pierre II Migeon, or directly to Madame du Barry at Louveciennes, the Garde-Meuble and the duc d'Orléans. He also worked for the celebrated marchand-mercier Simon-Philippe Poirier (and his successor Dominique Daguerre) and many several small tables and other items of furniture with porcelain mounts originated from his workshop.

Much admired in his own time Vandercruse Lacroix also held several important positions in his guild. He retired from business during the French Revolution and died in 1799.