Ferdinand Barbedienne


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Ferdinand Barbedienne

A Fine Patinated Bronze and Rouge Griotte Marble Clock Depicting The Three Graces After The Model By Germain Pilon

FRANCE, 1890

REF No. B74510

Stamped with the cachet 'réduction mécanique de Achille Collas'.

dimensions

Height :92 cm | 36¹/₄ in
Width :35 cm | 13³/₄ in
Depth :27 cm | 10⁵/₈ in

description

A Fine Patinated Bronze and Rouge Griotte Marble Clock Depicting The Three Graces After The Model By Germain Pilon, Cast By Ferdinand Barbedienne.

Stamped with the cachet 'réduction mécanique de Achille Collas'.

This exceptional clock was illustrated in Barbedienne's 1886 catalogue.  The caryatid nymphs or Graces (Aglaea, Euphrosyne, and Thalia) holding aloft a gilt-bronze cassolette cast with rams heads and dolphins, are reductions of Germain Pilon's celebrated sculpture of the 'Graces', executed for the monument to Henri II in 1561.   The figures stand on a gilt-bronze mounted triangular section rouge griotte marble base with an integral clock, embellished with finely cast patinated bronze winged putti to the angles.

The white enamel dial inscribed 'A PARIS', with hours in Roman numerals and seconds in Arabic numerals, with pierced gilt-bronze scrolling hands. The eight day twin-train movement striking on a bell.

Germain Pilon (b. 1525-1590) was one of the most celebrated French sculptors of the second half of the 16th century.

The Three Graces or the Heart of Henry II was created by Pilon between 1561 and 1565 having been commissioned by Primaticcio, who was Srientednant des Bâtiments du Roi, on behalf of Heny II's widow Catherine de'Medici.  This influential sculpture with its strong three-dimensional plastic form and mannerist approach has been displayed at the Louvre since 1816 ((M.R. 1591 A).  It became an important source for artists and sculptors in the second half of the nineteenth century as they looked back to Renaissance sources to invigorate or replace neo-classical decorative tropes.

Pilon's design for the figural group is in turn based on the antique group in the library of Sienna Cathedral and on an engraving by Marcantonic Raimondi, of Raphael's design of an incense burner for Francis I.

French, Circa 1890.

maker

Ferdinand Barbedienne (1810-1892) was the inspiration and driving force behind one of the most important French art foundries. He pioneered the use of mounts and, more commonly, bronze sculpture including figures and animals. Barbedienne produced catalogues of bronze reproductions of Greek and Roman classical sculpture and experimented with champlève and cloisonné enamels during the third quarter of the century. Barbedienne exhibited several pieces of furniture at the 1855 Paris Exhibition including an ormolu mounted oak dressing table and an ormolu mounted ebony veneered bookcase. Both pieces were executed in his favoured Renaissance revival style for furniture. Furniture with mounts signed by Barbedienne is extremely rare.
The Barbedienne foundry handled the casting of numerous national monuments and architectural schemes. Ferdinand Barbedienne himself also took an active part in the promotion of contemporary sculpture and became one of the founders for Davis d'Angers' medallions as well as much of Rude's sculpture.
His signature varied from hand written capitals to stamp in capitals, usually F. Barbedienne, Fondeur or BARBEDIENNE PARIS.
In 1839 Barbedienne collaborated with the inventor Achille Collas who had succeeded in enlarging and reducing works of art to arbitrary sizes by a simple mathematical calculation, allowing the accurate reduction of classical and contemporary marbles for the purpose of reproduction in bronze. In 1850 Barbedienne was commissioned to furnish the Paris town hall for which he was awarded with the 'medaille d' honneur' at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1855.
Barbedienne's awards:
Paris, 1878; 'Grand Prix', 'Grande Médaille d'Or', 'Diplôme d'honneur' , and 28 'Médailles de Coopérateurs'.
Vienna 1873; 2 'Diplômes d'Honneur', 'Médailles de Progrès', and 25 'Médailles de Coopérateurs'.
Paris 1867: 'Jure Rapporteur (Hors Concours)'.
London 1862; 3 Medals for Excellence.
Paris 1855; 'Grande Médaille d'Honneur'.
London 1851; 2 Council Medals.
Makers Bibliography:
Barbedienne, Ferdinand, Catalogue des Bronzes d'art 1886 , Fonderie d'art Français: Val d'Osne, Fonderie de Tusey, Antoine-Louis Barye, Fonderie Rudier, Charles Crozatier, Ferdinand Barbedienne, Livres Groupe, (Paris) 2010
Mestdagh, Camille and Pierre Lecoules, L'Ameublement d'art français: 1850-1900, Editions de l'Amateur (Paris), 2010, pp.23, 120, 155, 161 and 179.
Kjellberg, Pierre, Les Bronzes du XIX Siècle, dictionnaire des sculpteurs, Editions de l'Amateur (Paris) 1987, pps.653-658.
Meyer, Jonathan, Great Exhibitions: London, New York, Paris, Philadelphia, 1851-1900, Antique Collector's Club (Woodbridge, UK), 2006.
Ledoux-Lebard, Denise, Les Ebénistes du XIX Siècle, Editions de l'Amateur, (Paris) 1984, p.38.
Cooper, Jeremy, 19th Century Romantic Bronzes, New York Graphic Society, 1975 pps. 25, 41,149.

Ferdinand Barbedienne

A Fine Patinated Bronze and Rouge Griotte Marble Clock Depicting The Three Graces After The Model By Germain Pilon







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