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After CHARLES CRESSENT (1685-1768) Full Bio

An Important Regence Style Bureau Plat After Cressent

After CHARLES CRESSENT (1685-1768) Full Bio

An Important Regence Style Bureau Plat After Cressent

REF No. B66621

France, Circa 1890

H   78 cm | 30 in
W   188 cm | 74 in
D   105 cm | 41 in
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Charles Cressent (1685-1768) was a French leading ébéniste and sculptor of the late Régence and early Rococo periods, becoming a master sculptor in 1719. He worked as both ébéniste and sculptor to the Regent, Louis Philippe, Duc d' Orléans. His furniture was often decorated with plain veneers, usually of satinwood and amaranth, or veneers in patterns of parquetry

Alexandre Pradère, Charles Cressent, Editions Faton, Dijon, 2003, pp. 131-136 et pp. 268-269.

Camille Mestdagh, L'Ameublement d'art français 1850-1900, Editions de l'Armateur, Paris, 2010, pp. 96-101.

Per H. Hansen : The Napoleon of Finance and the end of Finance Capitalism, Emil Glückstadt and the collapse of Landmandsbanken in 1922 , Copenhagen Business School.

Distinguished Private Collection – Denmark
By Repute from the Collection of Emil Glückstadt
Possibly acquired during the sales of his collections held by Winkel & Magnussens Kunstauktioner, 1924.

Acquired from an important Private collection in Denmark; during restoration of this desk, an old newspaper clipping was found to the underside of one drawer illustrating Glückstadt sitting at this desk. A number of further photographs showing Glückstadt in his office at the Landmandsbanken, sitting behind a desk of this ‘Cressent’ model, are in the collection of the Royal Library, Copenhagen.

Emil Glückstadt (1875 – 1923) was an important Danish financier, Councillor of State and a passionate art collector. Heir to Isaac Gluckstadt who had founded the Landmandsbanken in 1871, Emil Glückstadt took over the directorship of the bank following his father’s death 1910.

With a policy of rapid expansion, set against a backdrop of a booming world economy, Glückstadt led the bank to be Scandinavia's largest, with global interests and aspirations. He was chairman of both the Transatlantic Company and The East Asiatic Company, a member of the Bank Committee for the Faroe Bank, a board member of Copenhagen Shipyard, the Nordic Textile Companies and Greenland Mine Operating Companies. He frequently represented Denmark at international conferences and was negotiator for the Danish conferences and was the government’s chief negotiator at the League of Nations.

A philanthropist and art collector, he donated the buildings of the Royal Fredrick’s Hospital to the nation to house a Museum of Art & Design in 1919 and was awarded the Order of Dannebrog, the Grand Cross and given the title of Councillor of State.

During the economic boom following the 1st World War, Gluckstadt engaged the bank in very speculative transactions and when the bubble burst the Landmandsbanken was left exposed and catastrophically failed in 1921, he was held responsible. Accused of fraud and breaking the banking and securities law he was put on trial but died following an operation in 1923 before the judgement was rendered.

Wealthy and privileged Glückstadt had become accustomed to a regal standard of living. He lived in a mansion in the historic Fredericiagade, now the Italian Embassy and owned several properties including two town houses in Copenhagen, a mansion in the countryside north of Copenhagen, a town house in Paris, an island in the Kattegat, and a yacht. Glückstadt also owned paintings by Holbein and van Dyck as well as a large collection of decorative arts. Following the failure of the Landmandsbanken, Glückstadt was forced to surrender his assets to its creditors.

The historic Fredericiagade residence was acquired in 1924 by the Italian state, but the furnishings and art works were condisered too expensve to be acquired by the then Italian Foreign Minister Benito Mussolini. The remainder of Glückstadt’s collections were sold at a number of prominent sales held in 1924 in by V. Winkel & Magnussen Kunstauktioner, Copenhagen.

Artist Biography
Charles Cressent (1685-1768) was a French leading ébéniste and sculptor of the late Régence and early Rococo periods, becoming a master sculptor in 1719. He worked as both ébéniste and sculptor to the Regent, Louis Philippe, Duc d' Orléans. His furniture was often decorated with plain veneers, usually of satinwood and amaranth, or veneers in patterns of parquetry
Literature

Alexandre Pradère, Charles Cressent, Editions Faton, Dijon, 2003, pp. 131-136 et pp. 268-269.

Camille Mestdagh, L'Ameublement d'art français 1850-1900, Editions de l'Armateur, Paris, 2010, pp. 96-101.

Per H. Hansen : The Napoleon of Finance and the end of Finance Capitalism, Emil Glückstadt and the collapse of Landmandsbanken in 1922 , Copenhagen Business School.

Provenance

Distinguished Private Collection – Denmark
By Repute from the Collection of Emil Glückstadt
Possibly acquired during the sales of his collections held by Winkel & Magnussens Kunstauktioner, 1924.

Acquired from an important Private collection in Denmark; during restoration of this desk, an old newspaper clipping was found to the underside of one drawer illustrating Glückstadt sitting at this desk. A number of further photographs showing Glückstadt in his office at the Landmandsbanken, sitting behind a desk of this ‘Cressent’ model, are in the collection of the Royal Library, Copenhagen.

Emil Glückstadt (1875 – 1923) was an important Danish financier, Councillor of State and a passionate art collector. Heir to Isaac Gluckstadt who had founded the Landmandsbanken in 1871, Emil Glückstadt took over the directorship of the bank following his father’s death 1910.

With a policy of rapid expansion, set against a backdrop of a booming world economy, Glückstadt led the bank to be Scandinavia's largest, with global interests and aspirations. He was chairman of both the Transatlantic Company and The East Asiatic Company, a member of the Bank Committee for the Faroe Bank, a board member of Copenhagen Shipyard, the Nordic Textile Companies and Greenland Mine Operating Companies. He frequently represented Denmark at international conferences and was negotiator for the Danish conferences and was the government’s chief negotiator at the League of Nations.

A philanthropist and art collector, he donated the buildings of the Royal Fredrick’s Hospital to the nation to house a Museum of Art & Design in 1919 and was awarded the Order of Dannebrog, the Grand Cross and given the title of Councillor of State.

During the economic boom following the 1st World War, Gluckstadt engaged the bank in very speculative transactions and when the bubble burst the Landmandsbanken was left exposed and catastrophically failed in 1921, he was held responsible. Accused of fraud and breaking the banking and securities law he was put on trial but died following an operation in 1923 before the judgement was rendered.

Wealthy and privileged Glückstadt had become accustomed to a regal standard of living. He lived in a mansion in the historic Fredericiagade, now the Italian Embassy and owned several properties including two town houses in Copenhagen, a mansion in the countryside north of Copenhagen, a town house in Paris, an island in the Kattegat, and a yacht. Glückstadt also owned paintings by Holbein and van Dyck as well as a large collection of decorative arts. Following the failure of the Landmandsbanken, Glückstadt was forced to surrender his assets to its creditors.

The historic Fredericiagade residence was acquired in 1924 by the Italian state, but the furnishings and art works were condisered too expensve to be acquired by the then Italian Foreign Minister Benito Mussolini. The remainder of Glückstadt’s collections were sold at a number of prominent sales held in 1924 in by V. Winkel & Magnussen Kunstauktioner, Copenhagen.

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