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Style of ROBERT ADAM (1728-1792) Full Bio

A Fine of Pair of Adam Style Gilt-Bronze Nine-Light Floor Standing Candelabra

Style of ROBERT ADAM (1728-1792) Full Bio

A Fine of Pair of Adam Style Gilt-Bronze Nine-Light Floor Standing Candelabra

REF No. B70731

France, Circa 1880

H   212 cm | 83 in
Diameter   63 cm | 24 in

Robert Adam FRSE FRS FSA (Scot) FSA FRSA (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a British neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. He was the son of William Adam (1689–1748), the country's foremost architect of the time, and trained under him. With his older brother John, Robert took on the family business, which included lucrative work for the Board of Ordnance, after William's death.

In 1754, he left for Rome, spending nearly five years on the continent studying architecture under Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Giovanni Battista Piranesi. On his return to Britain he established a practice in London, where he was joined by his younger brother James. Here he developed the "Adam Style", and his theory of "movement" in architecture, based on his studies of antiquity and became one of the most successful and fashionable architects in the country. Adam held the post of Architect of the King's Works from 1761 to 1769.

Robert Adam was a leader of the first phase of the classical revival in England and Scotland from around 1760 until his death. He influenced the development of Western architecture, both in Europe and in North America. Adam designed interiors and fittings as well as houses.

He served as the member of Parliament for Kinross-shire from 1768 to 1774.

Hussey, C. 'Headfort, Co. Meath, The Seat of the Marquess of Headfort', Country Life, 28 March 1936, part I; p. 327, fig. 3, shown in situ in the Eating Parlour.

This pair of candelabra were formerly in the collection of Thomas Taylour, 3rd Marquess of Headfort (d. 1894), at Headfort House, Co. Meath, Ireland. They then remained at Headfort by descent.

Headfort House is a mid-Georgian neo-classical mansion built by Sir Thomas Taylor, the first Lord Headfort, based on the designs of the Dublin based architect George Semple. Work began on the house in the 1760s and was completed sometime in the early 1770s. In 1771, Lord Headfort commissioned Robert Adam to create a decorative scheme for the suite of six state rooms of the house.

Designed in the Adam style to complement the Adam style decoration of the house, the candelabra remained in the house for over one hundred years until the contents were sold towards the end of the twentieth century. The candelabra can be seen illustrated in a Country Life article on the house published on the 28th March 1936.

Artist Biography

Robert Adam FRSE FRS FSA (Scot) FSA FRSA (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a British neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. He was the son of William Adam (1689–1748), the country's foremost architect of the time, and trained under him. With his older brother John, Robert took on the family business, which included lucrative work for the Board of Ordnance, after William's death.

In 1754, he left for Rome, spending nearly five years on the continent studying architecture under Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Giovanni Battista Piranesi. On his return to Britain he established a practice in London, where he was joined by his younger brother James. Here he developed the "Adam Style", and his theory of "movement" in architecture, based on his studies of antiquity and became one of the most successful and fashionable architects in the country. Adam held the post of Architect of the King's Works from 1761 to 1769.

Robert Adam was a leader of the first phase of the classical revival in England and Scotland from around 1760 until his death. He influenced the development of Western architecture, both in Europe and in North America. Adam designed interiors and fittings as well as houses.

He served as the member of Parliament for Kinross-shire from 1768 to 1774.

Literature

Hussey, C. 'Headfort, Co. Meath, The Seat of the Marquess of Headfort', Country Life, 28 March 1936, part I; p. 327, fig. 3, shown in situ in the Eating Parlour.

Provenance

This pair of candelabra were formerly in the collection of Thomas Taylour, 3rd Marquess of Headfort (d. 1894), at Headfort House, Co. Meath, Ireland. They then remained at Headfort by descent.

Headfort House is a mid-Georgian neo-classical mansion built by Sir Thomas Taylor, the first Lord Headfort, based on the designs of the Dublin based architect George Semple. Work began on the house in the 1760s and was completed sometime in the early 1770s. In 1771, Lord Headfort commissioned Robert Adam to create a decorative scheme for the suite of six state rooms of the house.

Designed in the Adam style to complement the Adam style decoration of the house, the candelabra remained in the house for over one hundred years until the contents were sold towards the end of the twentieth century. The candelabra can be seen illustrated in a Country Life article on the house published on the 28th March 1936.

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